Posted by Steve Freeman[1] , October 15, 2011

Scholars from many disciplines provide a wealth of diverse perspectives and research on employee ownership and other forms of shared capitalism. The lack of a well-institutionalized curriculum and established bibliography, however, can be an obstacle for those interested in getting the big picture or generally learning more. To provide access to the full range of literature, The Foundation for Enterprise Development (FED) and the Employee Ownership Foundation (EOF) support two databases. Here is a brief introduction to them and also the multidisciplinary sources from which employee ownership research materials may be drawn.

The Curriculum Library on Employee Ownership (CLEO) is designed to aid teachers and students by providing educatoinal material on employee ownership . The materials collected on Aspen Institute Center for Business Education’s Caseplace are designed to serve as “The Internet Home for Teaching about Employee Ownership.” As of July 15, 2011, the database included more than 500 entries. It emphasizes case studies, but includes other materials as well, including seminal employee ownership works and other important employee ownership research, which I added as Part I of an Employee Ownership Comprehensive Bibliographies and Database Update Project.

For research purposes, FED and EOF also sponsored bibliographic research  including material on how to use relevant bibliographic citation manager software. See  my researsch report,  Part II: Development of Bibliographical Database for Employee Ownership Research [2]

In addition to these dedicated databases, however, interested scholars may also want to understand and use the multidisciplinary sources from which we’ve drawn materials.


The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)  Web of Knowledge Citation Index is a comprehensive index of scientific literature. It includes a complete listing of the references cited by a particular article and, correspondingly, the works which cite that article. There are shortcomings to equating importance with citation counts, including: (1) Influence beyond the narrow scientific community is overlooked, as a book or magazine article read by millions may not generate scientific citations.[3]; and (2) Citation counts are sometimes more a function of funding, gamesmanship and publishing processes than good work. Yet despite the concerns, ISI citation counts serve as a proxy for how influential a work is within a scholarly/scientific community. A June 15, 2011 ISI search of the topic "employee ownership" or ESOP [4]. Here are the top ten listings:

Tot Cites
Avg/ Year
 Title Authors Source Pub Year
76
3.6
Employee Ownership - a Conceptual-Model of Process and Effects Pierce JL, Rubenfeld SA, Morgan S Academy of Management Review 1991
76
2.5
Absenteeism When Workers Have a Voice - The Case of Employee Ownership Hammer TH, Landau JC, Stern RN Journal of Applied Psychology 1981
70
5.0
Understanding Compensation Practice Variations Across Firms: The Impact of National Culture Schuler, RS; Rogovsky, N Journal of International Business Studies 1988
69
4.1
Customer Satisfaction Incentives Hauser JR, Simester Di, Wernerfelt B Marketing Science 1994
65
1.9
Effects of Employee Ownership on Organizational Identification, Employee Job Attitudes, and Organizational Performance - Tentative Framework and Empirical Findings Long, Richard J. Human Relations 1978
63
3.7
Work Alienation and Problem Alcohol Behavior Greenberg, ES; Grunberg, L; Journal of Health and Social Behavior 1995
60
3.5
The Productivity Effects of Employee Stock-Ownership Plans and Bonuses - Evidence From Japanese Panel-Data Jones DC, Kato T American Economic Review 1995
54
1.7
Employee Ownership - Implications For The Organizational Distribution of Power Hammer TH, Stern RN Academy of Management Journal 1980
41
2.4
Employee Participation, Ownership, and Productivity - a Theoretical Framework Benner A, Jones DC Industrial Relations 1995
41
2.0
Them and Us - Social-Psychology and The New Industrial-Relations Kelly J, Kelly C British Journal of Industrial Relations 1991


Google Scholar is a less precise but more comprehensive database creating rankings based not only citation counts, but also other factors such as links. Google Scholar  is a somewhat haphazard source.  Listings may include highly biased work, work based on ungrounded assertions and/or assertions that are just plain wrong, and the database is filled with errors of all types. Nevertheless, because it accounts for populatiry and because it includes books and non- peer reviewed articles. Google Scholar serves as a proxy for use in the larger world of practitioners and policy-makers.

Here is the June 15, 2011 Google Scholar top ten:

Rank
Title  Authors Source
Pub Year
1
Employee ownership in transition Earle John S, Saul Estrin Center for International Security and Arms Control, Stanford Univ
1995
2

Employee ownership: A conceptual model of process and effects

Pierce JL, Rubenfeld SA, Morgan S The Academy of Management
1991
3
Employee ownership: revolution or ripoff? Blasi, Joseph R. Ballinger Pub. Co.
1988
4
Employee participation, ownership, and productivity: A theoretical framework Benner A, Jones DC Journal of Economy and Society
1995
5
Employee ownership in America: The equity solution. Rosen CM, KJ Klein… Lexington Books
1986
6
The new owners: The mass emergence of employee ownership in public companies and what it means to American business Blasi, Joseph R. HarperCollins(book)
1992
7
Employee stock ownership and corporate performance among public companies Blasi, JR. , Conte M., Kruse D Indus. & Lab. Rel. Rev.,
1996
8
Employee stock ownership and employee attitudes: A test of three models. Klein KJ, RJ Hall Journal of Applied Psychology
1987
9
How well is employee ownership working Rosen, Corey Harvard Business Review
1987
10
Why Do Firms Adopt Profit-Sharing and Employee Ownership Plans? Kruse, Douglas British Journal of Industrial Relations
1996


The database for Amazon Books lists 1,350 books that are at least tangentially about "employee ownership.” [5] Amazon provides three sorting systems to identify notable books: Relevance (R), Sales (S) and Customer Rating (CR).

I have been unable to ascertain how Amazon determines and ranks relevance, and I am somewhat suspicious about it's constant changing (Is it churning the ranking to try to sell more books?), but its June 15, 2011 list of twelve most relevant books seems a good one:

R S CR   Title Authors Year Publisher
1
    Equity: why employee ownership is good for business Rosen, CM, Case, J, Staubus, M. 2005 Harvard Business Press
2
    Companies We Keep: Employee Ownership and the Business of Community and Place Abrams, J. and Greider, W. 2008 Chelsea Green Publishing
3
8
  All Hands on Deck: 8 Essential Lessons for Building a Culture of Ownership Tye, J. 2010 John Wiley & Sons
4
    Ownership Thinking: How to End Entitlement and Create a Culture of Accountability, Purpose, and Profit Hams, B. 2011 McGraw Hill
5
    Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee ownership, profit and gain sharing, and broad- based stock options Kruse, D, Freeman, RB, Blasi, J. R. 2011 University Of Chicago Press
6
    The ownership quotient: putting the service profit chain to work for unbeatable competitive advantage Heskett, JL, Sasser, EW, Wheeler, J. 2008 Harvard Business School Pr
7
    An Introduction to ESOPs: How an employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) can benefit your company, its owners, and its employees Rodrick, S. 2010 National Center for Employee Ownership
8
    Participatory employee ownership: how it works: best practices in employee ownership Logue J., Thomas, Cooper & Teodosio 1998 Worker Ownership Institute
9
    Incentive Compensation and Employee Ownership Rodrick, S. 2004 National Center for Employee Ownership
10
    Employee Stock Ownership Plan Answer Book, 3rd Edition< Howitt, IA, Rosen, C. 2010 Walters Kluwer
 
1
  The Most Important Thing: Uncommon Sense for the Thoughtful Investor Marks, H. 2011 Columbia Univ Pr
 
3
  Accounting for Value Penman, S. 2011 Columbia Univ Pr
 
4
  The partnership charter: how to start out right with your new business partnership (or fix the one you're in) Gage, D. 2004 Basic Books
 
7
  Stewardship. Choosing Service Over Self-interest, Berrett Block, P. 1993 Koehler Publishers
   
1
Beans Four Principles for Running a Business in Good Times Or Bad Yerkes, L., Decker, C., Nelson, B. 2003 John Wiley & Sons
   
2
Predictable Success: Getting Your Organization on the Growth Track--and Keeping It There McKeown, L. 2010 Greenleaf Book Group
   
4
Discovering the soul of service: nine drivers of sustainable business success Berry, L. L. 1999 Free Press
    9 A stake in the outcome: Building a culture of ownership for the long-term success of your business Stack, J, Burlingham, B 2003 Crown Business


 



Notes:
  • 1]  Jacquelyn Yates, Kent State University jyates330@gmail.com co-wiote the initial draft of this, which was used as an announcement by the Foundation for Enterprise Development
  • 2]  Part II: Development of Bibliographical Database for Employee Ownership ResearchResearch Report II: a bibliographic database for employee ownership research  “Employee Ownership Comprehensive Bibliographies and Database Update Project: ” also a paper presented at the Beyster Symposium 2011, La Jolla CA.
  • 3]  at this time, the ISI index only includes peer-reviewed journal articles, thus omitting books as well as other kinds of publications
  • 4]  An ISI search of the topic "employee ownership" yields a total of 217 articles. (Figure 3a is page one of the resultant ISI citation report). 173 articles in the scientific literature are denoted by the topic “ESOP.” Combining the two yields 373 articles, The total of the combined search is less than the sum of the two because 17 articles are denoted by both these terms. (I would have thought that a greater percentage of ESOP articles would also be denoted by "employee ownership”) “ESOP” turns out to be a problematic search term as it has significance in applied math and computer science. I’ve eliminated 50 such non-relevant works and placed them in Worksheet 3.2, leaving us with a total of 323 scientific articles about employee ownership or ESOPs.
  • 5]  Many of the top 10 in Sales (S) and Customer Rating may have only mentioned "employee ownership, e.g. #2 on sales: Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery by Siddharth Kara
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