Steven F. Freeman

Bibliographic Materials for Employee Ownership Research

page created: 01/15/2012
page last modified: 10/10/2011

Steven Freeman and Jacquelyn Yates[1]

Scholars from many disciplines provide a wealth of diverse perspectives and research on employee ownership and other forms of shared capitalism. The lack of a well-institutionalized curriculum and established bibliography, however, can be an obstacle for those interested in getting the big picture or generally learning more. To provide access to the full range of literature, The Foundation for Enterprise Development (FED) and the Employee Ownership Foundation (EOF) support two databases. Here is a brief introduction to them and a few lists of their top employee ownership citations.

The Curriculum Library on Employee Ownership (CLEO) is for teachers and students to access, rank, and share course material and scholarly research.  The materials collected on Aspen Institute Center for Business Education’s Caseplace are designed to serve as “The Internet Home for Teaching about Employee Ownership.” As of July 15, 2011, the database included more than 500 entries. It emphasizes case studies, but includes other materials as well, including all we describe below.

For research purposes, FED and EOF also sponsored bibliographic research, including material on how to use relevant bibliographic citation manager software.[2] I In addition to these, however, those interested in employee ownership research may want to use these multidisciplinary sources from which we’ve drawn materials.

The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Knowledge Citation Index is a comprehensive index of articles from peer-reviewed scholarly journals. It includes a complete listing of the references cited by a particular article and a list of works that have cited that article. Although it excludes books and journals that are not peer-reviewed, ISI citation counts serve as a proxy for how influential a work is within a scholarly/scientific community. A June 15, 2011 ISI search of the topic "employee ownership" of ESOP yielded a total of 273 articles. Here are the top ten listings:

Tot Cites
Avg/ Year
 Title Authors Source Pub Year
76
3.6
Employee Ownership - a Conceptual-Model of Process and Effects Pierce JL, Rubenfeld SA, Morgan S Academy of Management Review 1991
76
2.5
Absenteeism When Workers Have a Voice - The Case of Employee Ownership Hammer TH, Landau JC, Stern RN Journal of Applied Psychology 1981
70
5.0
Understanding Compensation Practice Variations Across Firms: The Impact of National Culture Schuler, RS; Rogovsky, N Journal of International Business Studies 1988
69
4.1
Customer Satisfaction Incentives Hauser JR, Simester Di, Wernerfelt B Marketing Science 1994
65
1.9
Effects of Employee Ownership on Organizational Identification, Employee Job Attitudes, and Organizational Performance - Tentative Framework and Empirical Findings Long, Richard J. Human Relations 1978
63
3.7
Work Alienation and Problem Alcohol Behavior Greenberg, ES; Grunberg, L; Journal of Health and Social Behavior 1995
60
3.5
The Productivity Effects of Employee Stock-Ownership Plans and Bonuses - Evidence From Japanese Panel-Data Jones DC, Kato T American Economic Review 1995
54
1.7
Employee Ownership - Implications For The Organizational Distribution of Power Hammer TH, Stern RN Academy of Management Journal 1980
41
2.4
Employee Participation, Ownership, and Productivity - a Theoretical Framework Benner A, Jones DC Industrial Relations 1995
41
2.0
Them and Us - Social-Psychology and The New Industrial-Relations Kelly J, Kelly C British Journal of Industrial Relations 1991

 

Google Scholar is a less precise but more comprehensive database creating rankings based not only citation counts, but also other factors such as links.  Because of this and because it includes books and non- peer reviewed articles. Google Scholar serves as a proxy for use in the larger world of practitioners and policy-makers. Here is the June 15, 2011 Google Scholar top ten:

Rank
Title  Authors Source
Pub Year
1
Employee ownership in transition Earle John S, Saul Estrin Center for International Security and Arms Control, Stanford Univ
1995
2

Employee ownership: A conceptual model of process and effects

Pierce JL, Rubenfeld SA, Morgan S The Academy of Management
1991
3
Employee ownership: revolution or ripoff? Blasi, Joseph R. Ballinger Pub. Co.
1988
4
Employee participation, ownership, and productivity: A theoretical framework Benner A, Jones DC Journal of Economy and Society
1995
5
Employee ownership in America: The equity solution. Rosen CM, KJ Klein… Lexington Books
1986
6
The new owners: The mass emergence of employee ownership in public companies and what it means to American business Blasi, Joseph R. HarperCollins(book)
1992
7
Employee stock ownership and corporate performance among public companies Blasi, JR. , Conte M., Kruse D Indus. & Lab. Rel. Rev.,
1996
8
Employee stock ownership and employee attitudes: A test of three models. Klein KJ, RJ Hall Journal of Applied Psychology
1987
9
How well is employee ownership working Rosen, Corey Harvard Business Review
1987
10
Why Do Firms Adopt Profit-Sharing and Employee Ownership Plans? Kruse, Douglas British Journal of Industrial Relations
1996

 

The database for Amazon Books lists 1,350 books that are at least tangentially about "employee ownership.”[3] Amazon provides three sorting systems to identify notable books: Relevance (R), Sales (S) and Customer Rating (CR). Below is a list of books on employee ownership that ranked in the top 10 on one or more of these lists on June 15, 2011.

R S CR   Title Authors Year Publisher
1
    Equity: why employee ownership is good for business Rosen, CM, Case, J, Staubus, M. 2005 Harvard Business Press
2
    Companies We Keep: Employee Ownership and the Business of Community and Place Abrams, J. and Greider, W. 2008 Chelsea Green Publishing
3
8
  All Hands on Deck: 8 Essential Lessons for Building a Culture of Ownership Tye, J. 2010 John Wiley & Sons
4
    Ownership Thinking: How to End Entitlement and Create a Culture of Accountability, Purpose, and Profit Hams, B. 2011 McGraw Hill
5
    Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee ownership, profit and gain sharing, and broad- based stock options Kruse, D, Freeman, RB, Blasi, J. R. 2011 University Of Chicago Press
6
    The ownership quotient: putting the service profit chain to work for unbeatable competitive advantage Heskett, JL, Sasser, EW, Wheeler, J. 2008 Harvard Business School Pr
7
    An Introduction to ESOPs: How an employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) can benefit your company, its owners, and its employees Rodrick, S. 2010 National Center for Employee Ownership
8
    Participatory employee ownership: how it works: best practices in employee ownership Logue J., Thomas, Cooper & Teodosio 1998 Worker Ownership Institute
9
    Incentive Compensation and Employee Ownership Rodrick, S. 2004 National Center for Employee Ownership
10
    Employee Stock Ownership Plan Answer Book, 3rd Edition< Howitt, IA, Rosen, C. 2010 Walters Kluwer
 
1
  The Most Important Thing: Uncommon Sense for the Thoughtful Investor Marks, H. 2011 Columbia Univ Pr
 
3
  Accounting for Value Penman, S. 2011 Columbia Univ Pr
 
4
  The partnership charter: how to start out right with your new business partnership (or fix the one you're in) Gage, D. 2004 Basic Books
 
7
  Stewardship. Choosing Service Over Self-interest, Berrett Block, P. 1993 Koehler Publishers
   
1
Beans Four Principles for Running a Business in Good Times Or Bad Yerkes, L., Decker, C., Nelson, B. 2003 John Wiley & Sons
   
2
Predictable Success: Getting Your Organization on the Growth Track--and Keeping It There McKeown, L. 2010 Greenleaf Book Group
   
4
Discovering the soul of service: nine drivers of sustainable business success Berry, L. L. 1999 Free Press
    9 A stake in the outcome: Building a culture of ownership for the long-term success of your business Stack, J, Burlingham, B 2003 Crown Business


Employee Ownership Research Main Page

 


[1] Steven Freeman, Organizational Dynamics, University of Pennsylvania, sff@sas.upenn.edu and Jacquelyn Yates, Kent State University jyates330@gmail.com

[2] “Employee Ownership Comprehensive Bibliographies and Database Update Project” a paper presented at the Beyster Symposium 2011, La Jolla CA. 

[3] Many of the top 10 in Sales (S) and Customer Rating may have only mentioned "employee ownership, e.g. #2 on sales: Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery by Siddharth Kara

 

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